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Southern Brazil
Description: A tour of the Southern Brazil states of Parana, Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sol in the 1940's
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Clip #: TFA-56D
Length: 19:57
Year: 1942
Color: B/W
Sound: Sound
Library: TFA Network
Decade: 1940s
Filmmaker: Julien Bryan
Region: South America
Country: Brazil
Original: 16mm
Julien Bryan Southern Brazil Office of the Coordinator of Inter-American Affairs farmers cattle roundup watermill wagon with horses revolving map North America to South America animation Parana railroad and station train through jungle viaducts bridges ravines tunnels Curitiba city cathedral University of Parana students marching Brazil independence parade marching bands Santa Catarina Florianópolis Hercílio Luz bridge Governors Palace Metropolitan Cathedral hospital housing project school Rio Grande do Sul pampas prairies wild horses gaucho cattle herefords holsteins prize bull sheep grazing making churrasco barbecue cooking drinking mate gathering wheat oxen harvesting corral livestock Lagoa dos Patos São Gonçalo Channel Rio Grande seaport ships cranes unloading cargo mission church gothic cathedral meat packing plant slaughter house golf course school radio antenna Pelotas, Commercial Club building airport churches Porto Alegre port crane train coal Governors Palace post office city hall airport

Paraná is one of the states of Brazil, located in the South of the country, bordering Paraguay and Argentina. Cut by the Tropic of Capricorn, Paraná has what is left of the araucarias forest, one of the most important subtropical forests of the world. At the border with Argentina is the National Park of Iguaçú, considered by UNESCO as Patrimony of the Humanity and the spectacle of the Cataratas do Iguaçú attracts about 700 thousand tourists per year. At only 40 km (24 miles) from there, at the border with Paraguay, the largest dam of the world was built, the Hidroelétrica de Itaipú. The State Park of Vila Velha near the city of Ponta Grossa, is another attraction, with great rocky formations sculptured by the erosion of rain and wind. Curitiba, the capital, is famous for its excellent quality of life, and the Ilha do Mel, next to the historical Paranaguá, is another destination for eco-tourists. Santa Catarina is a state in southern Brazil with one of the highest standards of living in the country. Its capital is Florianópolis, which mostly lies on the Santa Catarina Island. Neighboring states are Rio Grande do Sul to the south and Paraná to the north. It is bounded on the east by the Atlantic Ocean, and to the west it borders the province of Misiones, Argentina. Most of its inhabitants are descendants of Portuguese, German and Italian immigrants. Rio Grande do Sul (lit. "Large River of the South") is the southernmost State of Brazil, and the State with the fourth highest Human Development Index In the largest and most populous region of the state is the most southern city of the country, Chuí, on the border with Uruguay. The mountain region, where the winter can be rigorous, has cities with European characteristics, such as Gramado and Canela. In the region of Bento Gonçalves and Caxias do Sul, the largest wine producing center of Brazil, the attraction is the Italian gastronomy. Besides the European influence, the gaucho cultivates the traditions of the Pampas — region of the border with Uruguay and Argentina — such as the chimarrão, the typical barbecue churrasco and wears the bombacha, boots and large hats.

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