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Description: The history and culture of Pakistan
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Clip #: TFA-50B
Length: 13:13
Year: 1954
Color: B/W
Sound: Sound
Library: TFA Network
Decade: 1950s
Region: South Asia
Country: Pakistan
Original: 16mm
Pakistan, independence day, marching soldiers on horseback, miltary reviewing, map, West Pakistan, East Pakistan, Bangladesh, moslim mosque, modern street, simple tools craftsmen farmers pottery rope sailing boat Ganges-Brahmaputra River Delta, canal sampans families living in boats traffic planting rice paddies oxen harvest jute plants burlap gunny sacks divers harvest fiber Dhaka, Punjab region irrigation, water wheels wooden farm tools seedlings trading market commerce basket weaver shoemaker cobbler shows blacksmith shoeing horse laundry bus train Lahore city gate mosque Karachi camel caravan desert drivers oasis farmers man carrying sheep on shoulders Indus River crowded boat bus urban city traffic bicycle firewood lumber timbers cotton bales ships port freighters bamboo bananas sugar cane market oranges chickens pigeons trinkets chipati bread fish fried sewing machine barber shaving weaving factories construction scaffold cement by hand baskets on head shanty town shacks

East Pakistan was a former province of Pakistan which existed between 1955 and 1971. East Pakistan was created from Bengal Province based on a plebiscite in what was then British India in 1947. Eastern Bengal chose to join Pakistan and became a province of Pakistan by the name East Bengal. East Bengal was renamed East Pakistan in 1955 and later became the independent country of Bangladesh after the bloody Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971. Large sections of East Pakistan's people felt that they were colonised and suppressed by the West Pakistanis. Bangladesh, officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh is a country in South Asia. It is bordered by India on all sides except for a small border with Burma to the far southeast and by the Bay of Bengal to the south. Together with the Indian state of West Bengal, it makes up the ethno-linguistic region of Bengal. The name Bangladesh means "Country of Bengal" in the official Bengali language. West Pakistan was the popular and sometimes official (1955–1970) name of the western wing of Pakistan until 1971, when the eastern wing (East Pakistan) became independent as Bangladesh. The politically dominant western wing was composed of three Governor's provinces (North-West Frontier Province, Punjab and Sind), one Chief Commissioner's province (Baluchistan), the Baluchistan States Union, several other princely states (notably Bahawalpur, Chitral, Dir, Hunza, Khairpur and Swat), the Federal Capital Territory (around Karachi) and the tribal areas. The eastern wing formed the single province of East Bengal (including the former Assam district of Sylhet), which despite having over half of the population had a disproportionately small number of seats in the Constituent Assembly. This inequality of the two wings and the geographical distance between them was believed to be holding up the adoption of a new constitution. To diminish the differences between the two regions, the government decided to reorganise the country as two distinct provinces under the One Unit policy announced by Prime Minister Chaudhry Muhammad Ali on 22nd November, 1954.

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