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Land and Freedom
Description: Depicts efforts to overturn the feudalist society in Mexico, a system originally established during the Spanish conquest.
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Clip #: TFA-310B
Length: 10:45
Year: 1941
Color: B/W
Sound: Sound
Library: TFA Network
Decade: 1940s
Region: Central America
Country: Mexico
Subject: Workers
Original: 16mm
1940s, Mexico, Agave fields, smiling Mexican men wearing sombreros, strong walled castles, feudalism, creole mounted on horse, Mexican men wrapped in blankets and wearing sombreros sitting next to Agave, workers, landlords, armed guards standing near hacienda entrance, mestizos, creoles, peons assembling on patio and waiting to be assigned daily tasks, peons singing in unison, peons setting off to work in fields, Maguey plants, Agave Americana, Sentry Plant, Century Plant, Pulque, tlachiquero workers using acocote to extract sap from Maguey plants, guards drinking alcohol made from fermented sap of Maguey plants, peon woman requesting permission from her congenial master to marry, haciendado, landlord, men helping fellow peon thrown down stairs by guards, peon running through Agave field trying to escape, Diego Rivera murals in Ministry of Education depicting suffering of peons, Mexican War of Independence movement, creoles mounted on horseback, peons wrapped in blankets and faces obscured by sombreros, Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla portrait waving banner, José María Morelos portrait, Jose Maria Morelos, angry looking man wearing sombrero, Benito Juárez portrait and statue, Benito Juarez, Porfirio Díaz portrait, Porfirio Diaz, drunken guard and creole, peons starting to mobilize, President Díaz driven out of Mexico, Constitution of 1917, armed rebellions, battle footage with peasants storming castle, happy farm workers, musicians playing instruments for celebration, workers driving cattle out to field

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