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New Ways For Old Morocco
Description: Details the attempts of the French government to guide resolution of conflicts between rival berber tribes in Skoura, Morocco, instruct locals in modern agricultural techniques and create an irrigation canal to bring water to the agricultural land.
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Clip #: TFA-307A
Length: 19:00
Year: 1948
Color: B/W
Sound: Sound
Library: TFA Network
Decade: 1940s
Region: Africa
Country: Morocco
Subject: Agriculture
Original: 16mm
Keywords:
1940s, Morocco, berber tribe living in tents on mountain, women’s tattooed faces, woman braiding boy’s hair into topknot, man wrapping turban around his head and putting on sandals, man bringing rifle to man sitting atop horse, man carrying rifle riding off on horseback and looking down at fertile valley, Skoura, male and female famers harvesting olives, farmers conversing animatedly, mud walled houses, terraced roofs, woman grinding grain, girl carrying baby on back, berbers, villagers, migration of berbers from mountains to pasture lands in winter, man sounding alarm at Skoura of encroaching berbers from opposing tribe, animals, women and children rushing into houses, 1929, French soldiers marching, French colonial rule, France intervening in conflict between tribes over land, monument marking post established at Skoura, French solider standing near city walls reading newspaper and smoking cigarette, berber men saluting, berber men constructing city buildings, boy polishing man’s shoes and accepting coin as payment, woman making traditional kesra bread and dividing amongst children, farmer using camel and horse drawn plow while another farmer uses modern tractor, berber boys learning new methods of farming at training farm, representatives from various tribes meeting at assembly in 1946 to form treaty on land division, large plots of land already cleared in 1947, berber men using axes to clear bushes from fields, tractor being used to fell trees, women using baskets to clear stones from field, family moving into stone house, men playing game with stones on board, girls applying kohl makeup, souk market in center of valley, barbers shopping from vendors, raw wool, slabs of rock salt, school, French teacher tossing lunch to children seated in circle outside, technical director of model farm showing teenage apprentices how to use modern agricultural equipment, elderly man demonstrating provincial method of sowing field versus men using tractor to sow field, technical director examining gauge of rainfall, women carrying water in goatskin bags on their backs, procession of children and priest carrying depiction of “bride of the rains” parading and praying for end of drought, irrigation canal being constructed in mountain, dynamite being used to blast through mountain rock, men and women clearing debris and using pickaxes, shovels and jackhammers to dig canal, women carrying mortar and stone up steep incline to canal, sheep being sacrificed to celebrate opening of irrigation canal, crowd of berbers cheering as water flows into canal, tent of honor brought down from mountain and set up for celebration feast, food and mint tea being served in silence, man washing hands in finger bowl, men and women performing traditional dance, man holding staff behind his back looking out at mountains at sunset

Notes:
Original title is Le Pain de Barbarie (1948)

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