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Clip #: TFA-79B
Library: TFA Network
Filmmaker: Paul Hoefler
Subject: Traditonal Costumes
Ethiopia plains, mountains, crowd of people, procession, horses, tribal chiefs, Haile Selassie on throne, map of Ethiopia, aerial view of valley, men in white robes, Amhara, Galla moslims, nomads, village life, mud and straw huts, houses, woman pounding plants, carrying water, laundry, washing clothes in river, basket weaver, embroidery, needlework, silversmithing, cattle, teff grain, wheat, plowing, harvesting, sowing, coffee beans, cotton dresses, fruit and vegetable vendors, goats, camels, road building, Addis Ababa, lion, hyena, baboon, hippopotamus, elephant, water buffalo, man with rifle & shield, movie theatre, business district, Harare city gate, market, souk, church, Haile Selassie, crowds, army, marching soldiers with pith helmets, trucks, highway, bridge, Eritrea, Massawa seaport, docks, loading ships, Asmara, Selassie,s palace, formal dining table, finest china, silver service, Sellasie eating, with child, pet lion, school, students, Selassie at sports competition, Ethiopian Airways, bridge opening spanning Blue Nile, Empress Selassie,
Ethiopia is one of the oldest countries in the world and Africa's second-most populous nation. Ethiopia has yielded some of humanity's oldest traces, making the area a primary factor in the origin and developmental history of humanity, with recent studies claiming the vicinity of present-day Addis Ababa as the point from which human beings migrated around the world. Ethiopian dynastic history traditionally began with the reign of Emperor Menelik I in 1000 BC. The roots of the Ethiopian state are similarly deep, dating with unbroken continuity to at least the Aksumite Empire (which officially used the name "Ethiopia" in the 4th century) and its predecessor state, D`mt (with early 1st millennium BC roots). After a period of decentralized power in the 18th and early 19th centuries known as the Zemene Mesafint ("Era of the Judges/Princes"), the country was reunited in 1855 by Kassa Hailu, who became Emperor Tewodros II, beginning Ethiopia's modern history. Ethiopia's borders underwent significant territorial expansion to its modern borders for the rest of the century due to several migrations and commercial integration as well as conquests, especially by Emperor Menelik II and Ras Gobena, culminating in its victory over the Italians at the Battle of Adwa in 1896 with the military leadership of Ras Makonnen, and ensuring its sovereignty and freedom from colonization. It was brutally occupied by Benito Mussolini's Italy from 1936 to 1941, ending with its liberation by British Commonwealth and Ethiopian patriot forces.