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Clip #: TFA-34A
Library: TFA Network
Filmmaker: Leslie Winik
Region: North America
Country: United States
Mountains with snow, Navajo indians on horses, ride down hill, attack cowboys, herdsmen, steal horses, drive them through mountain pass, covered wagon caravan, western town, gold miners, sluice with water, gold assayer, paying money, saloon party, dancing, robbers ambush stagecoach, riders through town, ghost town, modern Navajo on horse,
Window Rock Arizona indian reservation, indian officials, looking at map, pueblo school house, indian children in school with books, child doing math, girl at sewing machine, blacksmiths, hair cutting, sand painting medicine men, small town main street in west, Virgina City,
Nevada, gold mining with heavy equipment, water cannons, blasting, large chains chew off ore, smelting molten metal, scientists searching for gold, lone prospector gold miner with pack mule, using pickaxe, smoking pipe, discovers gold nugget, Sierra mountains
Window Rock is the administrative Capitol and administrative center of the Navajo Nation, getting its name from the hole in the 200 foot high sandstone hill (Window Rock) located there. Located about 27 miles northwest of Gallup, N.M., and about 6 miles southeast of Fort Defiance, Arizona, it is just across the New Mexico-Arizona state line, on the Arizona side, in Apache County. Window Rock is located at Latitude: 35o, 40', 50" N, and Longitude: 109o, 3', 7" W, and has a 1980 census of 2230 residents. Window Rock contains the Navajo Nation Council House, the Navajo Nation Museum, and Navajo Tribal Zoo (until its closure in 1999), and Window Rock Fairgrounds where the Navajo Nation Fair (Widow Rock Fair) is annually held.
Until 1936, the Window Rock area was simply one of the scenic wonders of Navajoland, until the Commissioners of Indian Affairs at that time, John Collier, selected the site for the planned Navajo Center Agency. In 1936, the administrative buildings the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Navajo Tribe, and Public Health Service were constructed of russet-colored sandstone, quarried from the local sandstone, were completed. These were laid out on curved lanes and well spaced. Later, a Navajo Tribal Council House would be built in Window Rock.
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